Cutflower Nomenclature

Scientific/Botanical Name:

Genus: Solenostemon



English Name:

Common Name:

Coleus (a name which derives from an earlier classification under the genus name Coleus, which is currently treated as two: with species included in either the genus Solenostemon or in another genus, Plectranthus.

Botanical Family:

Name in Latin: Lamiaceae

Name in English: Mint Family

The Plant

Origin: native to tropical Africa, Asia, Australia, the East Indies, the Malay Archipelago, and the Philippines

Growth Habit: perennial or annual

Flower: grow on a stem above that stem's leaves, and tend to be purple and quite small in comparison to the leaves

Blooming Period:

Leaf: colorful variegated leaves, typically with sharp contrast between the colors; the leaves may be green, pink, yellow, black (a very dark purple), maroon, and red (somewhat resembling the unrelated caladium)


ornamental plant, Coleus also make low-maintenance houseplants, and can often be propagated by clipping a length of stem just below the leaves and putting the stem in water to root.

Care and Handling

Soil: good multipurpose potting soil

Amount of water: grow well in moist well-drained soil

Nutrition: Feed weekly with a water soluble, lime free fertilizer

Special handling: They are heat-tolerant, but they do less well in full sun in subtropical areas than in the shade.

Special feature/remarks:

Pinching is the most essential part of making the Soloenostemon into being a bushy, colorful, and healthier plant.