Cutflower Nomenclature

Scientific/Botanical Name:

Genus: Capsicum

Specie: C. annum


English Name:


Common Name:

Common Chili pepper , Bell pepper

Botanical Family:

Name in Latin: Solanaceae

Name in English: Nightshade or Potato Family

The Plant

Origin: southern North America and northern South America.

Growth Habit: Evergreen perennial shrub

Flower: Solidary at nodes, usually white, star -shaped

Blooming Period: June - September

Leaf: Lanceolate, parallel, entire


culinary, ornamental, medicinal

Care and Handling

Soil: requires moist soil

Amount of water: heavy drinker

Nutrition: fertilize once every 2-3 weeks with high phosphorous after fruit has set- continue until harvest

Special handling: In the absence of winter can survive several seasons and grow into a large perennial shrub. Frost tender, will not grow in shade.

Special feature/remarks:

Many varieties from sweet -mind to spicy-hot. Annum meaning annual is an incorrect designation- under correct growing conditions "chilies" are perennial.