Cutflower Nomenclature

Scientific/Botanical Name:

Genus: Rosa

Specie: L.


English Name:


Common Name:


Botanical Family:

Name in Latin: Rosaceae

Name in English: The Rose Family

The Plant

Origin: Most species are native to Asia, with smaller numbers native to Europe, North America, and northwest Africa

Growth Habit: woody perennial, group of erect shrubs, and climbing or trailing plants, with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles.

Flower: Flowers are large and showy, in colours ranging from white through yellows and reds. flowers of most species have five petals, with the exception of Rosa sericea, which usually has only four. Each petal is divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink, though in a few species yellow or red. Beneath the petals are five sepals .

Blooming Period: varied

Leaf: leaves are borne alternately on the stem, pinnate, with leaflets and basal stipules; the leaflets usually have a serrated margin, and often a few small prickles on the underside of the stem


Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors. They have been also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops.

Care and Handling

Soil: general purpose soil

Amount of water: drench soil and let it become moderately dry

Nutrition: feed every two weeks during the spring and summer with a water soluble fertilizer

Special handling: Miniature forms have been developed that flower well under bright indoor conditions, the more usual forms may find house conditions to dark for anything except a short time in the house while in full bloom.

Special feature/remarks:

A rose is a perennial plant, or the flower it bears. The genus Rosa is subdivided into four subgenera: Hulthemia,Hesperrhod, Platyrhodon,and Rosa. Grown for their beauty and fragrance.

While the sharp objects along a rose stem are commonly called "thorns", they are technically prickles — outgrowths of the epidermis (the outer layer of tissue of the stem). Rose prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks, which aid the rose in hanging onto other vegetation when growing over it.